the largest geographical portion of the province of Newfoundland
and Labrador, Canada covering 294, 330 square kilometres with a
population just over 30,000.
in the boreal forest biome, coniferous trees are abundant in
Labrador. Specifically, Happy Valley - Goose Bay is a part of
the High Boreal Forest ecoregion with very distinct forest types.
Some of the many plant species which might be found in this
area are: Abies balsamea (Balsam Fir), Alnus crispa (Mountain
Alder), Amelanchier bartramiana (Bartram's Chuckley Pear), Betula
papyrifera (White Birch), Chamaedaphne calyculata (Leatherleaf),
Cladonia spp (Caribou Moss), Coptis groenlandica (Goldthread),
Cornus stolonifera (Red-Osier Dogwood), Ledum groenlandicum
(Labrador Tea), Rubus chamaemorus (Bakeapple), and Sarracenia
purpurea (Pitcher Plant). For more information on local flora,
please visit the Birch Brook Nordic Ski Club web site.
is sparsely populated, leaving plenty of room for our wildlife.
The animals have long been valued as a way of life, traditionally
providing food, clothing and shelter. A few examples of our
local fauna are: black bear, beaver, caribou, deer mouse, lemmings
(several species), lynx, marten, mink, moose, muskrat, otter,
red fox, snowshoe hare, voles (several species), wolf, and Blue-spotted
salamander. Again, for a more extensive list, you can visit
the Birch Brook site.
Valley - Goose Bay
construction of the Goose Bay Air Base began in 1941. The Town
of Happy Valley was developed in 1943 to house the workers who
came to build the Air Base. The two settlements of Happy Valley
and Goose Bay were amalgamated into a single town in 1974 and
together, the residents in this wage-based economy have faced
hard times as the management of the base changed hands. In 57
years, the town has grown to be the largest centre in Labrador
with 8655 residents. The majority of retail and service businesses
in this area support the operation of the Air Base.
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