Nation of Kawawachikamach
Naskapi Nation of Kawawachikamach has approximately 680 members,
the vast majority of whom live in the Village of Kawawachikamach,
some 15 kilometers north-east of Schefferville.
and their ancestors have occupied the interior of the Quebec-Labrador
Peninsula since time immemorial. The Naskapis traditionally led
a nomadic existence, following the caribou herds from Hudson Bay
in the west to the Labrador Coast in the east. They congregated
only temporarily at the various posts of the Hudson's Bay Company
and at favoured hunting locations, such as Indian House Lake on
the George River.
Bay Company subjected the Naskapi to several locations to the Fort
Chimo, Fort Nascopie, and Fort McKenzie posts between the mid 1800s
and the mid 1900s, according to its commercial needs and interests.
In 1956, the Naskapis settled at Schefferville. After moving to
John Lake and Matimekosh, the Naskapi relocated to Kawawachikamach
in the early 1980s.
signed a comprehensive land-claims settlement, the Northeastern
Québec Agreement ("NEQA"), with the governments of Quebec
and Canada, among others, in 1978. Among the rights and benefits
recognized by the NEQA is the right to hunt, fish, and trap virtually
without restriction throughout a defined area. Harvesting activities
remain at the core of Naskapi economic and cultural life. Virtually
all members of the community hunt, fish and trap, and a substantial
number of Naskapis continue to depend upon the harvesting of wildlife,
particularly caribou, to sustain themselves and their families.
In 1984, the
Cree-Naskapi (of Quebec) Act, Canada's first Aboriginal self-government
legislation, was signed, transferring to the Naskapi Band of Quebec
many powers of local government formerly exercised by the Department
of Indian Affairs and Northern Development.
N.B. The Inuit
of Nunavik, through Makivik Corporation, holds a joint appointment
on the Board with the Naskapi Band of Québec. The joint appointment
has a two-year rotation for each group.
Naskapi Nation of Kawawachikamach
522, Grande-Allee Est, Quebec, Quebec, G1R 2J5
Fax: (418) 585-3130
organization e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Web site: www.naskapi.ca
to home page